Scoliosis is a medical condition caused by the abnormal curvature of the spine. The
curvature can present at any point along the spine (thoracic or lumbar) as either curving to
the left or right side. Scoliosis can affect any population however is most present in
adolescents. The symptoms of scoliosis range but can include uneven shoulder, hip or waist
height, back pain, and a visible curvature.

Scoliosis can be caused by a variety of factors however most often the exact cause is
unknown. Some of the known causes and contributing factors are
– Idiopathic scoliosis: this is the most common type and is largely suspected that
genetics plays a role in this type of scoliosis
– Congenital scoliosis: results from spinal abnormalities that develop before birth
– Gender: it is widely known that females are more likely to develop scoliosis than
– Neuromuscular conditions: certain disorders such as cerebral palsy and other spinal
traumas can lead to scoliosis due to the imbalances and muscular weaknesses
surrounding the spinal column.
Treatment for scoliosis depends on the severity of the curvature, age, and other factors.
Some common treatment options including bracing, physical therapy, surgery, and pain
management. However, each condition is different and therefore under the guidance of
health care professionals, the treatment needs to be highly individualized and consider a
patient’s specific condition, symptoms and needs.


Jade Riley

Intern Biokineticist